Seasonal changes in seed reduction in lodgepole pine cones caused by feeding of Leptoglossus occidentalis


Management of Leptoglossus occidentalis Heidemann in lodgepole pine seed orchards of British Columbia, Canada, would be improved with knowledge of its damage potential at different times of the growing season. Mesh insect-exclusion bags were placed over cones, and adults or nymphs of L. occidentalis were enclosed in different bags for 9 periods of 10 to 38 days between 6 May and 17 September 2004. Feeding by adult females between 6 May and 28 May reduced total extractable seeds, a result of ovule damage before fertilization. Reduction in the number of filled seeds per cone was highest between 6 May and 29 June, with each adult female reducing yield by approximately 1.7 seeds per day. Between 29 June and 10 August, each adult female reduced the number of filled seeds per cone by 1.0 to 1.25 per day. Seed set reduction declined to approximately 0.25 filled seeds per adult female per day after 10 August. Third to fifth instars caused seed ser reduction between 0.6 and 1.2 filled seeds per cone per nymph feeding day from 29 June to 10 August. Utilizing these findings would improve management of L. occidentalis in a commercial seed orchard setting.

Actividades: 
Administración forestal
Tipo de Publicación: 
Boletín Oficial
En Venta: 
NO
Año de Publicación: 
2006
Ámbito: 
Internacional
Apellidos Autor / Organización: 
Entomological Society of Canada
Nº de Páginas: 
9
Entidad: 
Idioma: 
English

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